Afghan fighter

Afghan fighter c.1878
© Gurkha Museum

Much like the First Afghan War in 1839, the Second Anglo-Afghan War came about because the British feared the growing influence of the Russian Empire in Afghanistan. When Russia set up an embassy in Kabul and Britain's request to establish one was refused, British Indian Army troops were sent to Afghanistan and after a series of decisive battles Britain took control of Afganistan. The 4th Goorkha Regiment, created in 1857 following the 'Indian Mutiny', served in the 2nd Afghan War and later in India's North-West Frontier. Much later in 1900, they fought against the Chinese in the Boxer Rebellion.

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